PSYCAS stands for “Psychology Centralized Admissions System.” PSYCAS is a centralized application service supported by APA and Liaison International. It simplifies both the application process to graduate psychology masters and doctoral programs across the discipline for students, and the review and admission processes for departments. Instructions on how to use the system and how your documents will be uploaded and delivered to PSYCAS for processing can be found in the application: https://psycas.liaisoncas.com/
Students create an account for free and pay $80 to submit the first application. If you are applying to other programs who are also utilizing PSYCAS for their admissions process, each additional application costs $40. Applicants who meet income qualifications, as well as applicants who are members of specific service organizations, are eligible to receive a fee waiver.
Good Luck to You,
D.J Moran, Ph.D.
Professor of Psychology
The following should be considered when applying to a doctoral program in clinical psychology (Psy.D.), and the LIU Post program in particular.
Doctoral work in clinical psychology is a necessary step into the professional field as a psychologist. To become a licensed psychologist, in addition to successfully completing an APA-accredited doctoral training program, graduates must complete a post-doctoral training experience and pass the licensing exam (depending on the requirements of their home state). A significant commitment to a career as a licensed clinical psychologist is paramount to being successful in this professional journey.
The field of mental health is very diverse and becoming a psychologist is one of many ways to serve populations suffering from mental illness. Psychologists, school psychologists, counseling psychologists, mental health counselors, social workers, art therapists, applied behavior analysts, and psychiatrists all work in the mental health field using different conceptual tools and competencies that they learned in graduate programs in their field. A career in clinical psychology begins with a training program focused on working with people in clinical settings.
The LIU Post Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program is a full-time, minimum 5-year commitment. Students spend hundreds of hours in the classroom in clinically-focused academic courses, completing practicum, externship, and internship hours, and in completing program milestones such as clinical competency exams and dissertation defenses. The various careers in the mental health field require a varied amount of time, money, and commitment to the graduate-training piece of this process.
Clinical psychologists work in a myriad of settings, from private practice, to consultant work, to working in mental health facilities, to work in schools, to work in large organizations. Graduates of the Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program are trained within two theoretical orientations: cognitive behavioral therapy and psychodynamic therapy. The training program has at its core mission to serve high-risk and underserved populations. Within that training, students also receive training in at least two of our concentration courses, including serious mental illness, dialectical behavior therapy, and interventions with high-risk families.
One of the unique features of our program is our second year clinical training experience. In addition to second-year coursework, all of our second year students complete an on-site practicum in our Psychological Services Center. Students carry a 4-6 client case-load throughout the academic year in addition to conducting psychological assessments and a group. As part of their training, students in the second year also receive supervision by a faculty supervisor, a community supervisor, an assessment supervisor and a group supervisor, and the PSC directors. Weekly in-service presentations and meetings are also required. This second-year training experience is designed to give students their first clinical training experience in a highly supervised setting with a wealth of support.
The location of the LIU Post program enables students to take advantage of the many training and clinical opportunities of the tri-state area, in a variety of settings for their third and fourth year externship experiences. In the fifth year, students apply to internship sites in the New York area, as well as out-of-state sites.
The program is a full-time commitment, with classes typically held in the first and second year on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays from 9:00am through 5:00pm with one weekday night. In the third year students complete a part-time externship while completing classes on Wednesdays and Thursdays. In the fourth year students complete a part-time externship while completing classes on Thursdays. In the fifth year students go on full-time (usually paid) internship while also completing their dissertation (if they have not already defended their dissertation). In some cases students take an additional sixth year to complete their dissertation and/or internship year.
Part-time study is not available for students. Aside from 3rd or 4th year choice of concentration, students follow a lock-step curriculum during their time in the program that does not allow for part-time study. For the same reason, students who transfer in graduate-level course credit (up to 12) do not typically reduce the time-to-completion.
The Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program takes in approximately twenty-five students per academic year. We aim to provide students with a dynamic and personal training program, throughout which strong mentoring relationships are formed between students and core faculty members. Students continue in their first through fourth year coursework in cohorts, which form the base of their professional network of peers. Additionally, through the required lunchtime lectures, colloquiums, and peer-mentorship program, students will interact with other students in both upper and lower student cohorts as they progress through the program.
LIU Post’s PsyD program is fully accredited by the APA. Accreditation with the APA means that a program has follows guidelines for operation and training as set by the APA’s Commission on Accreditation. These guidelines also mean that each program must list on its website information concerning its student outcomes, retention, internship match rates, and cost.
LIU Post’s PsyD program is also listed with the New York State Department of Education as a program that provides the necessary degree requirements in partial fulfillment of the requirements for licensure as a psychologist.
For accreditation and licensure, the APA and NYSDoE lay out a set of topics that must be covered in the curriculum in order to maintain its status. In addition to the list of topics below, the program must prove to the APA that its curriculum, evaluation methods, and faculty are logically and consistently aligned throughout a student’s time in the program.
|APA Required Topics||NYS Licensure Required Topics|
|Biological Aspects of Behavior||Biological basis of behavior|
|Cognitive Aspects of Behavior||Cognitive-affective basis of behavior|
|Affective Aspects of Behavior||Cognitive-affective basis of behavior|
|Social Aspects of Behavior||Social basis of behavior|
|History & Systems||History and systems of psychology|
|Research Methodology||Research design, methodology, and statistics|
|Techniques of Data Analysis|
|Theories and Methods of Evaluation and Effective Interventions|
|Individual Differences in Behavior||Individual difference|
|Dysfunctional Behavior or Psychopathology|
|Professional Standards||Scientific and professional ethics and standards of practice|
|Theories and Methods of Assessment and Diagnosis||Psychometrics|
|Theories and Methods of Effective Intervention|
|Theories and Methods of Consultation|
|Theories and Methods of Supervision|
|Issues of Culture and Individual Diversity||Issues of cultural and ethnic diversity|
|Attitude - Lifelong Learning|
In addition to this coursework, programs must ensure that students complete externship and internship hours with a licensed psychologist supervisor.
All APA-accredited programs will have this set of coursework listed, though State licensure requirements may be different depending on the location of the program. Each program’s curriculum and method of training will differ. Applicants should consider what learning environment, educational pace, and program size they might thrive best in based on prior educational experiences.
Please see our website for a full listing of our required courses and full course descriptions.
Students spend a considerable amount of time and resources on doctoral training to become a psychologist – it is imperative that you consider which program best suits your needs.
The program does provide students with some amount of financial aid. This may include research assistantships, student group assistantships, adjunct teaching and upper level student worker positions. Typically our students take our Unsubsidized Federal Loans, GradPLUS loans, or receive funding from personal sources.
Nationally, Psy.D. programs typically offer less financial aid directly to students than Ph.D. programs would. The nature of the program as a practitioner-scholar program, emphasizing clinical work (rather than intensive research) simply does not provide many of the large grant-funded projects. In addition, Psy.D. programs tend to be larger than Ph.D. programs, thereby distribution of programs’ funds must be made to a larger cohort of students. Each applicant must weigh the differences of the training programs for themselves. Making informed decisions about the financial commitment of any doctoral program is an important professional decision. More information can be gathered from the APA website, as well as through review of resources available online about funding graduate education.
The program receives approximately 300 applications every year. This competitive pool of applicants includes students from all over the globe, from various academic and personal backgrounds, and with a myriad of career objectives. Summary data on admissions is available on our webpage. Applicants should apprise themselves of the admission requirements before beginning the applications process.
Having some related field experience is crucial to a success application, as well as for a successful entry into the program’s rigorous courses that pull much from students’ clinical experiences. For information on how to gain this experience, applicants are encouraged to contact our current students, as well as research the APA and local Psychological Associations’ websites.
These considerations will come into play as you make your decision about attending any doctoral-level program. If you have any questions about these or other considerations, please do not hesitate to ask.
Applicants should inform themselves about the training program in one or more of the following ways:
Before Contacting the Program:
Contacting the Program Directly:
Contact the Program Director or Assistant Director with any lingering questions about the program that you may have. Please note that faculty and staff cannot answer prospective students’ questions about the applicant’s chances in any given admission cycle.
Admission decisions will be based on the following factors:
In order to have an application considered by the admissions committee, applicants must:
Hold at least a bachelor’s degree in psychology or a related field from an accredited college or university, with a competitive GPA. Applicants must have an undergraduate GPA of 3.0 or better.
Note: graduate work cannot be used to fulfill or supplement this minimum GPA requirement.
Have a minimum of 18 credit hours of psychology, including courses in:
These prerequisite courses may be completed in the spring and summer semesters leading up to matriculation into the program. Applicants whose course enrollment for the spring semester is not included on their transcripts should include a list of spring and/or summer enrollment in the “additional information” section of their application.
In a typical application year, applicants have competitive GRE scores on each of the aptitude subtests and the GRE psychology subject test. Applicants with scores above the recommended minimums (listed below) will be considered. Applicants with scores below these recommended minimums are strongly encouraged to retake the GREs and wait to apply to the program.
|Exam Name||Recommended Minimum Score (NEW)||Incoming Students’ Average Scores|
|General GRE Quantitative||144||152-155|
|General GRE Verbal||153||158-162|
|General GRE Analytical Writing||N /A||4.4-5.0|
|Psychology GRE||N / A||640-705|
Note that the GRE psychology subject test is only given twice a year by ETS. In a typical application year, applicants may apply to the program before they have taken the psychology subject GRE, but if admitted they will be required to submit their scores before enrollment.
Have some fieldwork experience related to clinical psychology (should be noted on CV/resume, and discussed in personal statement and/or statement of research).
You may also include an optional sample of scholarly work (no longer than 25 pages). This can be uploaded in the "additional document" section of the application.
Please note that you will be required to input all of your coursework information and work/clinical experiences into the PSYCAS application system. This enables the admissions committee to see how well you have done academically across different disciplines, to see how much related fieldwork experience you have, and other snapshots that help determine if you are a good fit for the program. This information is checked against your official transcripts and CV/Resume. You may also request the PSYCAS do this data entry of coursework from your transcripts for you, for a fee.
After initial file review, some approximately 100 applicants will be invited for an interview with the doctoral program in late February and early March. The announced dates will be our ONLY interview dates.
Interview Dates have not yet been scheduled. We will email all applicants as soon as the dates have been selected. On these two interview dates interviewing applicants are invited to one of the 3-hour sessions. Each interviewing applicant will have 2 interviews in their session. Interviews are individual with a faculty member, an adjunct faculty member or recent alum.
Out-of-State / Out-of-Country SKYPE Interview Dates are:
No additional dates/times will be added to these dates. Please plan accordingly to be available during these 2-day timeframes. Interview invites are emailed to applicants. Applicants are expected to respond to the email invite within 48 hours or the given date/time may be released to another applicant and an alternative date/time sent to the applicant again.
Final decisions will be made from the pool of interviewed applicants. We will establish a wait list, depending on the pool of applicants. Admitted and waitlisted applicants are invited to program events and open classes in March and April.
We plan to enroll approximately 25 students for the fall 2020 cohort.
If you have any questions about the admissions process, please email the program at: email@example.com Please do not email multiple staff members of LIU with duplicate questions. If the program cannot answer your question, we will forward your message onto a staff member who can.
1. Online Application
All applicants must apply to the Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program using the PSYCAS system as indicated above.
2. Curriculum Vitae (CV) / Resume
Typically a CV / Resume includes: Educational, honors and awards, clinical experience, research experience, related work experience, publications and presentations (if applicable), and relevant memberships.
3. Official Transcripts
Official undergraduate and graduate transcript(s) from any and all college(s) you have attended are required (including any transfer credits from AP courses or study abroad experiences).
Any international transcripts will require a National Association of Credential Evaluation Services (NACES) approved course-by-course evaluation (e.g., from World Education Services, or WES).
4 & 5. Graduate Record Exam (GRE)It is the applicant’s responsibility to request that the Educational Testing Service (ETS) forward official GRE scores directly to the LIU Post. Inquiries concerning this testing program and application to take the tests should be addressed to the Graduate Record Examinations, Educational Testing Service at www.gre.org, or call 1-800-GRE-CALL.
Be sure to use the ETS PSYCAS Code for the LIU Post PsyD Program: (ETS Code: 7436)
6. Letters of Recommendation
Three letters of recommendation are required. These letters should be written by persons who can comment from personal knowledge on the academic and/or professional qualifications of the applicant. Applicants to the Psy.D. Program must submit at least one letter of recommendation from a current or former instructor or professor. Employers, former instructors or professional colleagues of status may write the second and third letters of recommendation. Letters should address your academic potential for doctoral-level work, as well as your aptitude for work as a clinical psychologist and any experiences that may speak to those capacities.
Recommenders should review our Letter of Recommendation instructions, which include question prompts. Instructions for letter writers can be downloaded here.
7. Personal Statement
Write a statement describing your personal educational and professional goals and discuss what you hope to gain from doctoral study at the LIU Post. The statement should be one to 3 pages in length, typed and double-spaced. Be sure to include your full name and page numbers in the upper-right-hand corner of each sheet and include the heading “Personal Statement” on the top of each page.
Because our doctoral program is specifically geared to training clinical practitioners, your personal statement should address two or more of the following:
Applicants may want to discuss how their own professional goals, previous experience/training, or interests align with any of these program aspects.
Additionally, applicants may want to discuss how our program in particular aligns with your educational needs in terms of learning environment, academic culture, commitment, and mentorship needs.
*You may choose to make a connection between your general research interests and that of our one of our faculty members. However, you are not required to choose a faculty member as a research mentor at this point. You may rather choose to write a statement about your own past and future research interests.
Sample of Scholarly Work (Optional)
If you would like to submit a sample of a published work or other scholarly writing, you may attach it to your application in the "additional documents" section. (Note that this is not required, but strongly suggested; limited to 25 pages; this can be a portion of any academic or clinical writing you have done). Please do not submit more than 25 pages.
International Students – Degree Requirements
Applicants who do not have a master’s degree from a U.S. institution must also submit official score results of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The required minimum acceptable TOEFL score is: 100 Internet-based (250 computer based or 600 paper-based) or minimum IELTS score: 7.5.
International students whose native language is English, or who have received a degree from an accredited college or university where the only medium of instruction is English, may have the English Language proficiency requirement waived. The waiver is determined on an individual basis following a review of the student’s application.
Please also see "3 Official Transcripts" above for information on international transcripts.
The LIU Post admissions review process is completed in four stages:
Stage One: Review of Applicant Files (Winter):
The program receives approximately 300 applications each year.
Each file is reviewed by core faculty.
These initial faculty reviews determine who will receive an interview offer. Approximately 100 applicants will be invited for an interview. Invitations for interviews are sent via email to applicants. Applicants are sent their interview session schedule in advance.
All applicants who do not receive an interview are encouraged to reapply or consider other programs in the field of mental health at LIU Post.
Stage Two: Interview Process (February-March):
Following a program overview by the director, each interviewed applicant will interview with a faculty member for approximately 30 minutes, applicants will also have a chance to speak with current students about the program , as well as hear from many of the faculty. These interview days are approximately 4 hours.
Interviewed applicants will also be asked to complete a survey about the LIU Post admissions and interview process.
Stage Three: Admit Process (March-April):
We strive to inform applicants about their application status as soon as possible. All admitted and wait-listed applicants will be invited to sit in on classes, attend lectures and events, and speak with current students and faculty before making their final decision.
Stage Four: Acceptance (April):
All admitted applicants will have until April 15th to send in a $500 deposit to LIU and their acceptance form in order to hold their place in the incoming class.
Admitted applicants who will not be accepting our offer are encouraged to let us know as soon as possible so that we may open the slot to the next applicant.
*Note that all APA-accredited programs must give admitted applicants until April 15th to accept an offer of admission, following the Council on Graduate Schools’ guidelines for graduate admissions.
We typically maintain a waitlist. In some cases, waitlisted applicants will not hear a final answer until after April 15th. We ask that all admitted and waitlisted applicants who have accepted at another university let us know as soon as possible so that the slot can be opened for another candidate.After Entry to the Program
We hope you celebrate as a first step! All incoming students will then be invited for a Welcome Webinar with the director in the summer. Incoming Orientation occurs typically during the last week of August and first week of the fall semester. Incoming students will be provided with information about how to enroll in their first fall semester courses.
If you have heard back that you have not been granted acceptance to the Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program at LIU: Post, we would like to offer you some basic advice for next steps to take in terms of your graduate education path.
First, know that we received close to 300 applications every year. The applicant pool becomes more competitive every year, which is a wonderful thing for the field of clinical psychology.
A number of factors go into the admission committee’s decisions when reviewing files. These include past academic performance (transcripts and GRE scores), letters of recommendation, clinical experience, research experience, personal and research statements, as well as fit with the program. When looking at ways to improve your application in order to reapply to this program, keep in mind the following:
Personal Statements and Research Statements
“Fit” with the Program
Other LIU Post Programs to Consider
If you find that you are not yet ready to re-apply, there are a few other options you may want to pursue. First, look into other programs at LIU: Post. Our graduate programs in Applied Behavioral Analysis (in the main Psychology Department), in Mental Health Counseling (in the College of Education, Information and Technology), and in Social Work (in the School of Health Professions and Nursing) are often programs our applicants ultimately choose. These programs open up many career opportunities for those looking to enter the field of mental health professions. While these programs are not associated with the doctoral program and will not allow future students to waive any credits in the doctoral program, they may offer alternatives into the field of mental health that are equally fulfilling professionally.
For more information on these other mental health graduate programs at LIU: POST, please contact the following advisors:
firstname.lastname@example.org , 516-299-2750
Be sure to review the American Psychological Associations website on graduate education at: www.apa.org
All applicants must take the GRE general and psychology exams. No exceptions to this are made. The subject test is only offered by ETS twice a year. Applicants who have not taken the November psychology exam may submit their applications before taking the April exam. However, if accepted to the program, you will still be required to take the exam and submit your scores in order to enroll into the fall 2017. You must sumit your scores using the programs PSYCAS Code: (ETS Code: 7436). Do not submit your scores to LIU’s ETS code.
Yes. All applicants must take the Subject GRE. However, since this subject test is only given twice a year, we do allow applicants to apply to the program without the scores. If accepted, students must take the April exam and submit their scores in order to be allowed to enroll in classes that fall.
Submitting letters and/or CVs to faculty or staff of the program will not increase your chances of receiving an interview. Note that these documents will not be placed in your application file. Additionally, applicants are encouraged to consider all correspondences with program faculty, staff, and current students formal.
You may submit more than 3 letters of recommendation, however we do not guarantee that the reviewer will read more than 3 of the submitted letters.
Each file should be saved as a PDF or Word document. This ensures quick and easy processing of your materials.
To save a Word document as a PDF, go to “Save As”, then use the drop down menu under the file name and choose “PDF.”
The PsyD program will not be using the Processing Center for the 2018-2019 admissions cycle. The program will be using the PSYCAS. Do not submit any documents to the LIU Processing Center or LIU Post campus.
Yes! Materials should be submitted online using the PSYCAS: https://psycas.liaisoncas.com/applicant-ux/#/login Follow the instructions on the PSYCAS website.
Students are able to transfer up to 12 graduate-level transfer credits. Students will need to submit a request form, the original syllabus, and their transcripts in order for our faculty to consider the transfer request. Requests are only granted in cases where the former graduate course matches up to our courses, and in which the students’ grade was acceptable to our faculty member. This process happens in the summer before a student begins the program. You cannot find out ahead of time if your courses will transfer into the program.
Note that transferring credits will not reduce the amount of time a student spends in our five-year program. Transferring 1st, 2nd, or 3rd year courses also will not change the tuition expense in these years, as students are under a flat tuition rate.
It is important to note that in some cases, transferring 3rd or 4th year classes may reduce students’ credit load, causing issues with their eligibility for federal loan monies above their tuition expenses.
Transferring credits will enable students to choose between two options, depending on scheduling and time. In some cases students may elect to take an extra course. Others may be able to complete upper level coursework ahead of time. Others may simply elect to have some extra time in a given semester in which a scheduled class was transferred.
The short answer is yes. The review committee will look at the total of your application, including former academic work. However, applicants may include a supplemental brief paragraph to explain poor academic performance and how it has been remediated.
The short answer is yes. The review committee will look at the total of your application, including aptitude tests. However, applicants have two options if their GRE scores are low. Applicants may include a supplemental brief paragraph explaining poor performance on these exams. This should be included with your hardcopy materials.
The program is highly invested in having students do well in every aspect of the training program. It is imperative that students are ready for doctoral-level work in clinical psychology. Therefore the program may require remediation for applicants before and during the program for those whose admission files indicated deficiencies.
To check on the status of your application, please log onto the account you created when you applied within the PSYCAS applicant page: https://psycas.liaisoncas.com/applicant-ux/#/login
We ask that applicants not call the program or Graduate Admissions for status updates. We make every effort to get information out to applicants as soon as it is available.
Yes. These programs are completely separate from one another. Applicants may apply to both programs. LIU Brooklyn will not be using the PSYCAS system for 2018-2019. Contact that program directly for information. Please note that each program may have different application procedures and timelines.
We ask that applicants not contact our Graduate Admissions Office about their application. All application components are handled within the PSYCAS. We ask that applicants be patient throughout this process. Additionally, the program office will not be able to tell you if all of your documents have been received – you can check the status of your documents in your PSYCAS account.
The program will arrange for applicants from outside of the area to have an interview over video conference. The program sends all interview invitations via email. Applicants will need to send their Skype username and at least four available 30 minute slots during the same few weeks our in-person interviews will take place.
All applications are reviewed by faculty members in the program. All interviewed applicants will be interviewed by at least one core faculty member as well as an alum, adjunct faculty member, or second core faculty member in the program.
All interviewing applicants will be given a financial aid application to complete. We make every effort to provide admitted applicants with a financial aid package offer at the time of acceptance. Within this application applicants are given the opportunity to indicate which faculty members they would like to work for as a research assistant, to apply for teaching fellowships, and Service Disparity Fellowships. Students receive only one type of aid from the program, but can apply to all that we have available.
Aid is determined by undergraduate GPA and takes into consideration an applicant's EFC. Be sure to file a FAFSA in order to be considered for aid from LIU.
Faculty and staff are not able to offer feedback on individual applicants’ materials before applying to the program. We recommend looking over our student outcomes listings (average GREs, GPAs, etc), as well as discussing pre-doctoral experiences with our current students to gain an understanding of our student body. If you applied to the program and did not get in and would like feedback on making your application stronger, please contact the program after our April 15th deadline for feedback on your application.
It is highly recommended that you review and revise your materials.
The following list includes resources from outside sources in regards to applying to doctoral programs. For more information, applicants should research the particular sources from which these pieces were culled.
In addition to these collections, applicants would benefit from thorough review of information available from the following organizations:
Recommended Reading for Graduate Students Entering Psy.D. Programs
Borden, Kathi and E. John McIluried. “Professional Psychology Education and Training: Models, Sequence, and Current Issues.” in David Richard and Steven Huprich (eds), Assessment, Treatment, and Research. New York: Elsevier, 2009.
Bruss, Katherine and Mary Kopala, “Graduate School training in Psychology: Its Impact Upon the Development of Professional Identity.” Psychotherapy, Vol. 30, No. 4, Winter 1993. 685-691.
Canna, Mark A. and Brian M. Freidenberg, “Special Series The Graduate School Experience: Academic and Personal Opportunities and Challenges Within Psychology Doctoral Programs.” The Behavior Therapist, Feb. 2003, Vol. 26, No. 2.
Courtois, C. A., & Gold, S. N. (2009). The need for inclusion of psychological trauma in the professional curriculum: A call to action. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, And Policy, 1(1), 3-23.
Eby, M., Chin, J.L., Rollock, D., Schwartz, J. & Worell, F.. (2011). Professional Psychology Training in the Era of a Thousand Flowers: Dilemmas and Debates for the Future. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 5(2), May 2011, 57-68.
Farber, Barry, Inessa Manevich, Jesse Metzger, and Erica Saypol. “Choosing Psychotherapy as a Career: Why Did We Cross that Road?” JCLP/In Session, August 2005, 1009-1031.
Heiby, Elaine and Janet Latner, “The Future of the Profession,” in David Richard and Steven Huprich (eds), Assessment, Treatment, and Research. New York: Elsevier, 2009.
Ingraham, Colette L., (2000) “Consultation Through a Multicultural Lens: Multicultural and Cross-Cultural Consultation in Schools.” School Psychology Review, Vol. 29, No. 3, 320-343.
Karon, Bertram P. (1995) “Becoming a First-Rate Professional Psychologist Despite Graduate Education” Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, Vol. 26, No. 2, 211-217.
Kotler, J. and Hagden, R. (1995) What You Never Learn in Graduate School. New York: WW Norton & Company.
Kotler, J.A. (2010) On Being a Therapist, 4th edition, Jossey Bass, CA.
Myers, S.B. et al (2012) Self Care Practices and Perceived Stress Levels Among Psychology Graduate Students. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 6(1) 55-66.
Norcross, John C.. (2005) “The Psychotherapist’s Own Psychotherapy: Educating and Developing Psychologists.” American Psychologist, Vol. 60, No. 8, 840-850.
O’Halloran M. Sean and Theresa O’Halloran (2001) “Secondary Traumatic Stress in the Classroom: Ameliorating Stress in Graduate Students.” Teaching of Psychology, Vol. 28 (2), 92-97.
Smith, Penni L. and Shannon Burton Moss. (2009) “Psychologist Impairment: What Is It, How Can It Be Prevented, and What Can Be Done to Address It?” Clinical Psychology and Practice, Vol. 16 (1), 1-15.
Stricker, G., & Trierweiler, S. (2006). The local clinical scientist: A bridge between science and practice. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, (1), 37-46.
Walker, Barbara B., and Susan London (2007) “Novel Tools and Resources for Evidence-based Practice in Psychology.” Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 63 (7), 633-642.
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